This chapter explains the significance of imitation in animals. Synchronous behaviour of cetaceans observed with active acoustics. Cultural transmission of behavior in animals: How a modern training technology uses spontaneous social imitation in cetaceans and facilitates social imitation in horses and dogs I will then consider several examples of simple social learning in which the other animal plays an important role in facilitating the same behavior in the observing animal but associative learning processes by the observer are sufficient to account for the learning. It allows for the transfer of information (behaviours, customs, etc.) Although baboons and other monkeys may be able to recognize other individuals’ intentions when inferring, for example, whether or not they are the target of another individual's call, the extent to which animals attribute knowledge, ignorance, and beliefs to others remains controversial. effect of the behavior of the other animal. Cognitively, the former requires little more than response facilitation, whereas production imitation needs at least the ability to extract the statistical regularities of repeated action and to incorporate the result into hierarchical program construction. A Comparison with Enculturated Apes. The Nobel Prize winning scientist Niko Tinbergen developed four guiding questions for examining behavior. An example of a reflex behavior in babies is the sucking reflex. Animal behavior is the study of how animals move in their environment, how they interact socially, how they learn about their environment, and how an animal might achieve cognitive understanding of its environment. Animals always survey their surroundings for potential threats. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Spontaneous cross-species imitation in interactions between chimpanzees and zoo visitors. Otherwise, they may lose control of their vehicle. Evolution of the Brain, Cognition, and Emotion in Vertebrates. Imitation in Human and Animal Behavior fulfills this need. For this reason, researchers have tried to distinguish imitation from other kinds of social learning and influence. Animal behaviour, the concept, broadly considered, referring to everything animals do, including movement and other activities and underlying mental processes. When given the opportunity, chimpanzees maximize personal gain rather than “level the playing field”. For example, in one study, marmosets watched a demonstrator open a canister. Imitation (from Latin imitatio, "a copying, imitation") is an advanced behavior whereby an individual observes and replicates another's behavior. Entwicklung und Kontrolle des Verhaltens. The animals then become habituated to the perceived threat and continue to live as normal. Scientists think that this happens so that the speakers feel more at ease with other. In the great apes, however, voluntary, learned behaviour is organized hierarchically. Imitation itself has generally been seen as a “special faculty.” This has diverted much research towards the all-or-none question of whether an animal can imitate, with disappointingly inconclusive results. The association between imitation recognition and socio-communicative competencies in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Many examples are reported in. Recent research into imitation in animals has resulted in the tentative labeling of certain species of birds, monkeys, apes, and cetaceans as having the capacity for imitation. So, for now, we will need to “sort of” leave the research findings where they are at, at least to me: inconclusive. When imitative behavior is typically studied, an observing animal (e.g., a rat) is exposed to a demonstrator (rat) that is performing a novel response such as bar pressing and the rate of acquisition of the novel response is taken as a measure of imitation. 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